Why has Africa been so much less successful than Asia in by Daniel Nordmann

By Daniel Nordmann

Essay aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - quarter: Afrika, college of Cape city, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Sub-Saharan Africa is essentially absent from the synthetic export scene and the “dynamics of export development and its technological upgrading are thoroughly bypassing the sector” (Lall/Pietrobelli 2002: 25). whereas the East Asian rising markets and lately China were profitable within the diversification of exports during the last a long time, African(1) economies nonetheless stay virtually completely depending on their conventional export items. Their percentage of world synthetic exports is nearly 0. consequently it really is “clear that Africa has suffered a prolonged failure of financial development [and export diversification]. the matter for research is to figure out its causes.” (Collier/ Gunning 1999: 3-4) whereas a few authors, as wooden and Mayer (2001), and Karshenas (2001), emphasize structural constraints restricting the method of structural transformation and export diversification - often called the resource-based thesis - different economists as Collier/Gunning (1999a), international financial institution (2000), Lall/Pietrobelli (2002), Rodrik (1999) and Soludo (1998) clarify Africa’s low proportion of synthetic exports and the inability of industrialization almost always as policy-induced.
1 The phrases “Africa” and “Sub-Saharan Africa” (henceforth SSA) refer during this paper to the Sub-Saharan African international locations other than South Africa.

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